How to add Header to Recyclerview in Android

In Android, Recyclerview is an advanced, flexible and upgraded version of Listview and Gridview. It is fast becoming one of the most used components in android applications. It uses less memory for listing large amount of datasets and collections. Furthermore, it provides the user a better experience.

I was looking for a finished model to add a header item to the recyclerview, yet, I couldn’t discover something that was concise and clear. In this blog, we will try to develop a model that can be used for adding a header item to recyclerview for android applications.

Have a look at the screenshots below to get an idea about what we are trying to achieve in this tutorial.

Misaligned viewitem output

Actual Output

Let’s get started.

1. Adding Support Library

You need to add the following support libraries to gradle(Module.app) for Recyclerview to work in your project.

implementation 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:28.0.0'

2. Creating Recyclerview

Use Recyclerview instance of listview for an improved experience and defining it in xml is quite simple. You can define it in xml as follows..

activity_main.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
   android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin" 
   tools:context=".MainActivity">
   <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
       android:id="@+id/my_recycler_view"
       android:scrollbars="vertical"
       android:layout_width="match_parent"
       android:layout_height="match_parent">
   </android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView>
</RelativeLayout>

3. Create two different layouts for Header and Viewitem layout

Here we create two xml layout, one for header item and another one for viewitem.

Headerview holds the UI components needed to be shown in the header item.

Your code for Header item xml should be similar to the one below,

activity_headeritem.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   >
   <LinearLayout
       android:id="@+id/main_dashboard"
       android:layout_width="match_parent"
       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
       android:orientation="vertical"
       android:paddingTop="20dp">
       <LinearLayout
           android:id="@+id/counts_layout"
           android:layout_width="match_parent"
           android:layout_height="wrap_content"
           android:orientation="vertical"
           android:paddingLeft="30dp"
           android:paddingRight="30dp"
           android:paddingBottom="30dp"
           >
           <LinearLayout
               android:layout_width="match_parent"
               android:layout_height="wrap_content"
               android:orientation="horizontal"
               android:weightSum="2">
               <LinearLayout
                   android:layout_width="0dp"
                   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                   android:layout_weight="1"
                   android:orientation="vertical">
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/review_needs_count_text"
                       android:layout_width="match_parent"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:gravity="center"
                       android:textColor="@color/ThemePrimaryColor"
                       android:textAppearance="@style/customfontstyle"
                       android:textStyle="bold"
                       />
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/review_needs_text"
                       android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:text="NEEDS REVIEW"
                       android:textColor="@color/disable_login_btn_bg"
                       android:textSize="11sp"
                       android:textStyle="bold"/>
               </LinearLayout>
               <LinearLayout
                   android:layout_width="0dp"
                   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                   android:layout_weight="1"
                   android:orientation="vertical">
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/planned_requests_count_text"
                       android:layout_width="match_parent"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:gravity="center"
                       android:textColor="@color/ThemePrimaryColor"
                       android:textAppearance="@style/customfontstyle"
                       android:textStyle="bold"
                       />
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/inprogress_text"
                       android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:text="PLANNED REQUESTS"
                       android:textColor="@color/disable_login_btn_bg"
                       android:textSize="11sp"
                       android:textStyle="bold"/>
               </LinearLayout>
           </LinearLayout>
           <LinearLayout
               android:layout_width="match_parent"
               android:layout_height="wrap_content"
               android:orientation="horizontal"
               android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
               android:weightSum="2">
               <LinearLayout
                   android:layout_width="0dp"
                   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                   android:layout_weight="1"
                   android:orientation="vertical">
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/inprogress_count_text"
                       android:layout_width="match_parent"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:gravity="center"
                       android:textColor="@color/ThemePrimaryColor"
                       android:textAppearance="@style/customfontstyle"
                       android:textStyle="bold"
                       />
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/completed_text"
                       android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:text="IN PROGRESS"
                       android:textStyle="bold"
                       android:textColor="@color/disable_login_btn_bg"
                       android:textSize="11sp" />
               </LinearLayout>
               <LinearLayout
                   android:layout_width="0dp"
                   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                   android:layout_weight="1"
                   android:orientation="vertical">
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/completed_count_text"
                       android:layout_width="match_parent"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:gravity="center"
                       android:textColor="@color/ThemePrimaryColor"
                       android:textAppearance="@style/customfontstyle"
                       android:textStyle="bold"
                       />
                   <TextView
                       android:id="@+id/planned_requests_text"
                       android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                       android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:gravity="center_horizontal"
                       android:text="COMPLETED"
                       android:textColor="@color/disable_login_btn_bg"
                       android:textSize="11sp"
                       android:textStyle="bold"/>
               </LinearLayout>
           </LinearLayout>
       </LinearLayout>
   </LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>

Similar to the Headerview, Listview Items holds the UI components for the view items.

I have attached the xml code for the Listview item below,

activity_listviewitem.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
   >
   <LinearLayout
       android:id="@+id/latest_content_layout"
       android:layout_width="match_parent"
       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
       android:orientation="horizontal"
       android:weightSum="2"
       android:paddingTop="15dp"
       android:paddingRight="20dp"
       android:paddingBottom="15dp"
       android:paddingLeft="5dp"
       >
       <LinearLayout
           android:layout_width="wrap_content"
           android:layout_height="wrap_content"
           android:orientation="vertical"
           android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
           >
           <com.like.LikeButton
               android:id="@+id/upward_image"
               android:layout_width="40dp"
               android:layout_height="40dp"
               app:icon_size="25dp"
               app:anim_scale_factor="2"
               app:like_drawable="@drawable/arrow_up_colored"
               app:unlike_drawable="@drawable/arrow_up_icon"
               android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
               app:circle_start_color="@color/ThemeColor"
               app:dots_primary_color="@color/ThemeColor"
               app:dots_secondary_color="@color/ThemeColor"
               app:circle_end_color="@color/ThemeColor"/>
           <TextView
               android:id="@+id/count_upward_text"
               android:layout_width="wrap_content"
               android:layout_height="wrap_content"
               style="@style/UpvoteTextStyle"
               android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
               />
       </LinearLayout>
       <LinearLayout
           android:id="@+id/latest_feed_layout"
           android:layout_width="wrap_content"
           android:layout_height="wrap_content"
           android:orientation="vertical"
           android:layout_marginTop="5dp"
           android:layout_marginLeft="5dp"
           android:layout_weight="1.8">
           <TextView
               android:id="@+id/latest_tab_title_text"
               android:layout_width="match_parent"
               android:layout_height="wrap_content"
               style="@style/TitletextStyle"
               />
           <TextView
               android:id="@+id/latest_tab_descrip_text"
               android:layout_width="match_parent"
               android:layout_height="wrap_content"
               android:maxLines="3"
               style="@style/DescriptiontextStyle"
               />
           <LinearLayout
               android:layout_width="match_parent"
               android:layout_height="wrap_content"
               android:orientation="horizontal"
               android:layout_marginTop="5dp">
               <TextView
                   android:id="@+id/comment_count_text"
                   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                   style="@style/CommentstextStyle"
                   />
               <TextView
                   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                   android:text="@string/comments_text"
                   style="@style/CommentstextStyle"
                   />
               <TextView
                   android:id="@+id/latest_tab_status_text"
                   android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                   style="@style/StatusTextStyle"
                   android:textColor="@color/inprogress_status_color"/>
           </LinearLayout>
       </LinearLayout>
   </LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>

4.CustomAdapterclass.java

We have achieved adding the header item to recyclerview by using the viewtype property. So now we will create custom adapter for Recyclerview. In onCreateViewHolder method, we have to use two inflate methods, which will help you to define your layout.xml. You should extend your adapter with “RecyclerView.Adapter” which follows the viewtype property.

CustomAdapter.java

public class CustomAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<RecyclerView.ViewHolder> {
   private static final int TYPE_HEADER = 0;
   private static final int TYPE_ITEM = 1;
   private List<ViewItemsModel> viewitemlists;
   private Context context;
   public CustomAdapter(Context context, List<ViewItemsModel> viewitemlists) {
       this.context = context;
       this.viewitemlists = viewitemlists;
   }
   @Override
   public RecyclerView.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
       if (viewType == TYPE_ITEM) {
           // Here Inflating your recyclerview item layout
           View itemView = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.activity_listviewitem, parent, false);
           return new ItemViewHolder(itemView);
       } else if (viewType == TYPE_HEADER) {
           // Here Inflating your header view
           View itemView = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.activity_headeritem, parent, false);
           return new HeaderViewHolder(itemView);
       }
       else return null;
   }
   @Override
   public void onBindViewHolder(final RecyclerView.ViewHolder holder, int position) {
       if (holder instanceof HeaderViewHolder){
           setheadersdata_flag = true;
           HeaderViewHolder headerViewHolder = (HeaderViewHolder) holder;
           // You have to set your header items values with the help of model class and you can modify as per your needs
           
            headerViewHolder.txt_needsreview.setText(“YOUR _HEADERVIEW_STRING”);
        }
       else if (holder instanceof ItemViewHolder){
           final ItemViewHolder itemViewHolder = (ItemViewHolder) holder;
           // Following code give a row of header and decrease the one position from listview items
           final LatestTabModel.ViewItemsModel data = latestlists.get(position-1);
           // You have to set your listview items values with the help of model class and you can modify as per your needs
           
           itemViewHolder.title.setText(data.getTitle());
          
       }
   }
   @Override
   public int getItemViewType(int position) {
       if (position == 0) {
           return TYPE_HEADER;
       }
       return TYPE_ITEM;
   }
// getItemCount increasing the position to 1. This will be the row of header
   @Override
   public int getItemCount() {
       return latestlists.size()+1;
   }
  
 private class HeaderViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
       TextView txt_needsreview,txt_planned,txt_inprogress,txt_completed;
       public HeaderViewHolder(View view) {
           super(view);
           txt_needsreview = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.review_needs_count_text);
           txt_planned = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.planned_requests_count_text);
           txt_inprogress = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.inprogress_count_text);
           txt_completed = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.completed_count_text);
       }
   }
   public class ItemViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
       TextView title,description,upward_count,comment_count,status;
       LinearLayout latest_feed_layout;
       LikeButton upvote_image;
      public ItemViewHolder(View itemView) {
           super(itemView);
           title = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.latest_tab_title_text);
           description = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.latest_tab_descrip_text);
           upward_count = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.count_upward_text);
           comment_count = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.comment_count_text);
           status = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.latest_tab_status_text);
           latest_feed_layout = (LinearLayout)                     itemView.findViewById(R.id.latest_feed_layout);
           upvote_image = (LikeButton) itemView.findViewById(R.id.upward_image);
       }
   }
  }

getItemViewType() provides the viewtype property to Recyclerview, which helps with scrolling the Recyclerview.

getItemCount() increases the list item position by one (listitem + 1). It provides the row under the header.

5.MainActivity.java

In this class, we have to pass the adapter class of Recyclerview to complete the scrolling function. Finally, we achieve the complete function of Recyclerview with Header view.

MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
   RecyclerView recyclerView;
   LinearLayoutManager linearLayoutManager;
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
       super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
       setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
       recyclerView = (RecyclerView)findViewById(R.id.my_recycler_view);
       linearLayoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(this);
       MyRecyclerAdapter adapter = new MyRecyclerAdapter(getActivity(), getListViewItems());
       recyclerView.setLayoutManager(linearLayoutManager);
       recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);
   }
}

This brings us to the end of this tutorial. I hope that you have learned how to create a recyclerview for your android app. Now, you can run this on your android device and see the output for yourself. This output seems to be exactly what you want.

Comments and Discussions Please enable JavaScript to view the comments.


This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at https://www.skcript.com/svr/how-to-add-header-to-recyclerview-in-android/

Do you need to execute tasks with percision and accuracy?

Grow and scale your organization easily by automating business crucial functions with Robotic Process Automation (RPA).